ITIL Dinner Conversation: "Please Pass the Whine"You can't force ITIL and ITSM, you have to get buy-in for it to really work, writes ITSMWatch columnist David Mainville of Consulting-Portal.
My fellow guest then went on to complain about how their company was organizing along ITIL and that ITIL was being forced down their throats and that anyone who didnt get on board with ITIL should look for another job.
I politely listened while sipping my wine (and listening to my companion whine) and thinking to myself that this was a classic case study in organizational change management and an example of why so many ITSM initiatives fail. We eventually changed topics and went on to enjoy an ITIL free dinner.
I was reminded of the conversation a few days later when I saw a tweet from David Ratcliffe of Pink Elephant on how IT organizations shouldnt take on a whole new structure based on ITIL process names. I couldnt agree with him more. The topic of organizing along ITIL came up once again while reviewing some findings from an assessment one of my consultants was conducting.
So why is it that so many people are drawn to organizing along ITIL?
ITIL is a best practice framework and by its very nature devoid of anything specific to your organization or to the service management tools you are using. Its pretty high-level guidance short on implementation specifics.
I believe that people attempt to organize along ITIL precisely because of that lack of organizational or implementation specifics. They know they have to take some sort of action so they do what organizations seem to do best -- they re-organize!
Lets take a look at my dinner companions ITIL-fueled venting session. I can definitely see a few warning signs as to why their program may fail.
You cant organize along process names. Processes cross many functions and span most departments. Take Change Management as an example. A single change can start with the business, be assessed by local management, approved by a business/technical CAB, implemented by a technician and validated by the business. So where should change management live? ITIL is a tool that should be over laid onto your existing organization, not replace it
You cant force ITIL down someones throat, especially if its devoid of specific implementation guidance. To make people accountable you must give them very specific goals and objectives and guidance on how to achieve those goals. The more specific the better. That leaves less room for interpretation and more focus on execution
Organizational change should not be driven by threats. All that will do is make people defensive and fearful, which is an impediment to ITSM. People are best motivated when you give them the tools to do the job and explain why its of value to them, the company and the end customer. Then get out of the way and let them do their jobs
There is one area where I believe an IT organization, especially a large one, should place some organizational focus. There needs to be a group that acts as the glue for an ITSM initiative. A group focused on assisting all the other departments and functions with the practice of service management. Call it a Service Management Office, an Action Team, a Program Office, the name doesnt really matter. Their function is to:
--Set standards for process design and documentation; Lead ITSM tool selection, standardization and integration; Defining functional specifications for tool implementation; Developing metrics and reporting; Leading continual service improvement efforts; Assist the business with the development of processes and procedures; and --Governing the processes and taking corrective action where required.
Every organization already has people performing all or part of these roles (most likely duplicating these roles). By bringing them together into a single service management team you stand a much better chance of making ITSM a well-entrenched practice within your company. That is where the real value lies.
David Mainville is CEO and co-founder of Consulting-Portal, an ITSM consulting and ITIL training company focused on helping Fortune 500 and mid-size companies assess, design and implement robust ITSM processes. Consulting-Portal also offers a full curriculum of ITSM education including: ITIL, ISO and CobiT. In 2008, Consulting-Portal launched IToptimizer.com, an online solution to help companies assess, design and govern their ITSM processes.